Research | Exposure effects

2000

Hines D, Saris RN, Throckmorton-Belzer L. Cigarette smoking in popular films: Does it increase viewers' likelihood to smoke?. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 2000;30(11):2246–2269. doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2000.tb02435.x. 1 November 2000.
Gibson B, Maurer J. Cigarette smoking in the movies: The influence of product placement on attitudes toward smoking and smokers. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 2000;30(7):1457–1473. doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2000.tb02530.x. 1 July 2000.

1999

Distefan JM, Gilpin EA, Sargent JD, Pierce JP. Do movie stars encourage adolescents to start smoking? Evidence from California. Preventive Medicine. 1999;28(1):1-11. doi:10.1006/pmed.1998.0409. 1 January 1999.

1997

Chapman S, Davis R. Smoking in movies: Is it a problem?. Tobacco Control. 1997;6(4):269-271. doi:10.1136/tc.6.4.269. 1 December 1997.