Research | Population study


Dalton MA, Sargent JD, Beach ML, Titus-Ernstoff LT, Gibson JJ, Ahrens MB, Tickle JJ, Heatherton JF. Effect of viewing smoking in movies on adolescent smoking initiation: A cohort study. The Lancet. 2003;362(9380):281-285. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(03)13970-0. 26 July 2003.
Sargent JD, Dalton MA, et. al. Modifying exposure to smoking depicted in movies: A novel approach to preventing adolescent smoking. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 2003;157(7):643-648. doi:10.1001/archpedi.157.7.643. 1 July 2003.
Wakefield M, Flay B, Nichter M, Giovino G. Role of the media in influencing trajectories of youth smoking. Addiction. 2004;98:79-103. doi:10.1046/j.1360-0443.98.s1.6.x. 29 April 2003.
McCool JP, Cameron LD, Petrie KJ. Interpretations of smoking in film by older teenagers. Social Science and Medicine. 2003;56(5):1023-32. doi:10.1016/S0277-9536(02)00096-5. 1 March 2003.


Gidwani PP, Sobol A, DeJong W, Perrin JM, Gortmaker SL. Television viewing and initiation of smoking among youth. Pediatrics. 2002;110(3):505-508. doi:10.1542/peds.110.3.505. 1 September 2002.
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Cigarette use among high school students — United States, 1991-2003. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2002;51(19);409-412. 17 May 2002.
Sargent JD, Dalton MA, Beach ML, Mott LA, Tickle JJ, Ahrens MB, Heatherton TF. Viewing tobacco use in movies: Does it shape attitudes that mediate adolescent smoking?. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2002;22(3):137-45. doi:10.1016/S0749-3797(01)00434-2. 1 April 2002.


Sargent JD, Beach ML, Dalton MA, Mott LA, Tickle JJ, Ahrens MB, Heatherton TF. Effect of seeing tobacco use in films on trying smoking among adolescents: Cross sectional study. British Medical Journal. 2001;323:1394. doi:10.1136/bmj.323.7326.1394. 15 December 2001.
Tickle JJ, Sargent JD, Dalton MA, Beach ML, Heatherton TF. Favourite movie stars, their tobacco use in contemporary films, and its association with adolescent smoking. Tobacco Control. 2001;10(1):16–22. doi:10.1136/tc.10.1.16. 1 March 2001.


Distefan JM, Gilpin EA, Sargent JD, Pierce JP. Do movie stars encourage adolescents to start smoking? Evidence from California. Preventive Medicine. 1999;28(1):1-11. doi:10.1006/pmed.1998.0409. 1 January 1999.