Research | Ratings, United States

2015

2014

2013

2012

Sargent JD, Tanski SE, Stoolmiller M. Influence of motion picture rating on adolescent response to movie smoking. Pediatrics. 2012;130(2):228-236. doi:10.1542/peds.2011-1787. 1 August 2012.

2011

Glantz SA, Polansky JR. Movies with smoking make less money. Tobacco Control. 2011 OnlineFirst. doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2011-050023. 26 September 2011.
Sargent JD. Conflicts of interest: When media conglomerates rate their productions. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 2011;165(2):181-182. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2010.283. 1 February 2011.

2010

de Leeuw RN, Sargent JD, Stoolmiller M, Scholte RHJ, Engels RCME, Tanski SEE. Association of smoking onset with R-rated movie restrictions and adolescent sensation seeking. Pediatrics. 2011;127;e96. doi:10.1542/peds.2009-3443. 6 December 2010.

2009

Tickle JJ, Beach ML, Dalton MA. Tobacco, alcohol and other risk behaviors in film: How well do MPAA ratings distinguish content?. Journal of Health Communication. 2009;14(8):756-67. doi:10.1080/10810730903295567. 21 December 2009.